Lut Desert

Gandom Beryan

This area is located in 70 km of north of Shahdad, it extends over an area of about 200 square kilometers.

The local people also call this area Rig Soukhteh. The surface of the hill is covered with black volcanic lava. The

existence of yellow soil around the mountain foot near the black basaltic rocks has turned this place into one of

the beautiful attractions of Dasht-e Lut. During summer the temperature of the area varies from 65 degrees Celsius, in the shade, due to their black color, they tended to absorb more sun’s energy.


Lut desert

Dasht-e Lut in some scientific sources was also called the Lut Hole is located between the latitudes of28 to 32 degrees N.

It  is  199,000  square  kilometers  in  area, 

which  covers  a  region  surrounded  by Kerman  South  Khorasan  Province and Sistan va Baluchistan.

In the Dasht-e-Lut, strong winds blowing from east to west.

These  winds  took  120  days  long  during  the  year  called  “ Sistan’s  one Hundred and twenty day  winds” . Sistn’s winds play a major role in creating morphological structures across the lut desert which is called Kaluts


One of the most exciting geomorphological structures of Lut is the special bumps called Kalut which is the biggest natural clod  structure  in  the  world;  they are  the  most  unique  structures  in  the  desert.  Kalouts are  similar  to  parallel tunnels  which  are  positioned  from  northwest  to  northeast.  Kaloots  are  80 km  in  width, 145 km in length, and in some cases 120 meters high; they are located in the

west of Central Lut at a distance of

43 kilometers from Shahdad. From a distance, Kaluts look like the ruins of a big legendary city with grand palaces and buildings  both  short  and  high.  In  fact,  these  Kaluts  were  created  by  the  wind  and  rain,  and  they  are very attractive.

The Hottest Place on Earth!

The theory that Lut is the thermal center of the earth was proposed by Professor Stratil Sauer from the University of  Vienna  in  Austria  in  1952.  After  some  aerial  analysis,  the  west  part  of  Nosrat  Abad,  Rig-e- Yalan  introduced as the hottest place on earth. Theodore Mono confirmed the mentioned area among the hottest places on

earth.  According  to  NASA’s  maps,  the  hottest  temperature  on  earth  (70.7  centigrade  Celsius) was  recorded  in the lowest area of Lut —an area in the east of Kaluts— in 2005.

Iranian  researchers, including  Professor  Kardavani  and  Mahmoudi  believe  the  hottest  place  of  earth  is  located 

somewhere in this desert. Due to extreme heat, the best months to visit Dasht-e Lut are from November through February.

Lut Desert Inscribed on World Heritage List (UNESCO) as Iran’s First Natural Site.

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