Lut Desert

Gaz Tree

A beautiful tree with Thin, sharp, and compact leaves. The scientific name of Gaz is Tamarix.

The Tamarix is ​​an old tree, due to its rooting to the surface water of the Earth, has a long life. The maximum height of this tree is 10 to 15 meters. [1] The Gaz tree grows in different parts of the world with tropic weather, Specially in the deserts of Iran.

In October and November, a special sap comes out of the branches of Gaz, which is called Shireh Gaz. The local women every day from morning to the evening start picking them and using them as a natural sugar.

In Dasht-e Lut there is a Special Forrest of Gaz (Nebka Forrest) which protects the villages against sand storms.



What is Qanat?


A Qanat  is a gently sloping underground channel with a series of vertical access shafts, used to transport water from an aquifer under a hill. Qanats create a reliable supply of water for human settlements and irrigation in hot, arid, and semi-arid climates (wiki pedia)

Qanat is the Arabic word for "channel". Qanats are also called kariz ( from Persian ‎‎) (Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Central Asia, derived from Persian: kahriz (Azerbaijan); khettara or falaj (Morocco); galería (Spain); falaj (from Arabic: Falaj‎ (United Arab Emirates and Oman); Kahn (Baloch) or foggara/fughara (North Africa). Alternative terms for qanats in Asia and North Africa are kakuriz, chin-avulz, and mayun. Common variants of qanat in English include qanat, kanat, khanat, kunut, kona, konait, ghanat, ghundat.



Gandom Beryan

This area is located in 70 km of north of Shahdad, it extends over an area of about 200 square kilometers.

The local people also call this area Rig Soukhteh. The surface of the hill is covered with black volcanic lava. The

existence of yellow soil around the mountain foot near the black basaltic rocks has turned this place into one of

the beautiful attractions of Dasht-e Lut. During summer the temperature of the area varies from 65 degrees Celsius, in the shade, due to their black color, they tended to absorb more sun’s energy.


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